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新年快乐!年味十足的春节英文小知识供大家学习

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春节文化
 
 
In the old days, New Year's money was given in the form of one hundred copper coins strung together on a red string and symbolized the hope that one would live to be a hundred years old. Today, money is placed inside red envelopes in denominations considered auspicious and given to represent luck and wealth.
 
辞旧岁:bid farewell to the old year
扫房: spring cleaning; general house-cleaning
新年快乐!年味十足的春节英文小知识供大家学习
 
新 春 佳 节
 
1.传统中国节日:traditional Chinese festival
2.农历:lunar calendar
3.腊八节:Laba Festival
4.小年:Little New Year
5.除夕:Lunar New Year's Eve
6.春节:the Spring Festival
7.正月初一:Lunar New Year's Day
8.元宵节:the Lantern Festival
9.正月:the first month of the lunar year
10.二月二:Dragon Heads-raising Day
 
传 统 习 俗
 
11.喝腊八粥:eat Laba porridge
12.扫尘:sweep the dust
13.扫房:spring cleaning
14.祭灶:offer sacrifices to the God of Kitchen
15.守岁:stay up
16.拜年: pay a New Year's call
17.祭祖:offer sacrifices to one's ancestors
18.祭财神:worship the God of Wealth
19.春联:Spring Festival couplets
20.贴倒福:paste the Chinese character "Fu" upside down
21.去晦气:get rid of the ill-fortune
22.辞旧岁:bid farewell to the old year
23.兆头:omen
24.禁忌:taboo
25.烧香:burn incense
 
阖 家 团 圆
 
26.吃团圆饭:have a family reunion dinner
27.年夜饭:New Year's Eve dinner
28.全家团圆:family reunion
29.办年货:do Spring Festival shopping
30.敬酒:propose a toast
31.穿新衣:wear new clothes
32.红包:red envelops
33.压岁钱:gift money;money given to children as a Lunar New Year gift
 
美 食 小 吃
 
34.年糕:rice cake;New Year cake
35.饺子:dumplings;Chinese meat ravioli
36.汤圆:dumplings made of sweet rice
37.八宝饭:eight-treasure rice pudding (steamed glutinous rice with bean paste, lotus seeds, preserved fruit, etc.)
38.什锦糖:assorted candies
39.糖莲子:candied lotus seed
40.花生糖:peanut candy
41.蜜冬瓜:candied winter melon
42.瓜子:red melon seeds
43.金桔:cumquat
44.红枣:red dates
45.春卷:spring roll
46.冰糖葫芦:candied haws on a stick
47.驴肉火烧:donkey burger
48.腊肠:Chinese sausage
49.米酒:rice wine
50.腊肉:preserved meat
51.糖板栗:sugar chestnut
52.  四喜丸子:four-joy meatballs
 
民 间 艺 术
 
53.泥人:clay figure
54.皮影戏:shadow puppetry
55.木偶戏:puppet show
56.刺绣:embroidery
57.剪纸:paper-cut
58.中国结:Chinese knot
59.年画:New Year painting
60.吹糖人:sugar-figure blowing
61.舞龙:dragon dance
62.  舞狮:lion dance
63.秧歌:Yongko dance;rural folk dance
64.灯笼:lantern
 
曲 艺 表 演
 
65.戏曲:traditional opera
66.折子戏:opera highlights
67.相声:comic dialogue;cross talk
68.小品:skits;sketch
69.口技:vocal imitations;ventriloquism
70.杂技:acrobatic performance
71.马戏:circus performance
72.京韵大鼓:drum song of Peking
73.踩高跷:walk on stilts
74.杂耍:variety show;vaudeville
 
娱 乐 活 动
 
75.打麻将:play mahjong
76.庙会:temple fair
77.春节联欢晚会:Spring Festival gala
78.灯会:exhibit of lanterns
79.送贺卡:send New Year's greeting cards
80.理发:have a haircut
81.放烟花:set off fireworks
82.放鞭炮:set off firecrackers
83.灯谜:riddles written on lanterns
 
各 路 神 仙
 
84.门神:the God of Door
85.灶神:the God of Kitchen
86.财神:the God of Wealth
87.土地爷:the God of Land
88.火神:the God of Fire
89.喜神:the God of Happiness
90.福禄寿三星:the three gods of fortune, prosperity and longevity
91.八仙:the Eight Immortals
 
其 他
 
92.生肖、属相:Chinese zodiac
93.鸡年:the Year of the Pig
94.微信红包:WeChat red envelope
95.年:Nian;Year monster
96.立春: Start of Spring
97.24节气:24 Solar Terms
98.本命年:the animal year in which one was born
99.春运:Spring Festival travel rush
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