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真实经历告诉你介词的用法和区别

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英语介词不能独自运用,有必要带上宾语构成介词短语,或依附在不及物动词后面运用。英语不及物动词不能直接带宾语,有必要加上适当的介词才能带宾语。介词短语可以在语句中充任状语,定语,表语和宾语补语。

一.介词at/ in /on 表明时刻,做时刻状语

1).表明某一详细时刻点,某一时刻/ 年纪

at six o’clock六点钟 at noon 正午at that time其时 at the moment 那一刻at the age of在……岁时 at night 晚上

2)in表明时刻段,一天的三个时刻段以及月份,年,季节,世纪,人生的某个时期(或人几十岁时)in the morning早上/ in afternoon 下午/in evening 黄昏in spring 春天/in /in March 五月,in the twenty-first century 二十一世纪,in his fifties五十几岁

3)on表明星期几/某一详细的日子/详细某天的上午/下午/晚上,表明一天中的三个时刻段名词前有修饰语或后有修饰语时.

On Monday evening星期一黄昏on a rainy night 一个下雨的夜晚on the morning of April 1st ,2018,2018年4月1日早上

二、表地址,做地址状语

1)at 一般指较小的地址或较详细的位置at the station在车站 at the cinema 在电影院

2)in 表明在较大的地址或一个有限空间里.in China在我国 in the classroom 在教室里

3)on 指在某物体的外表上.on the desk在桌子上

三.介词in /on / to 表方位的差异

1.in表明A地在B地规模之内.(包含联系)

Taiwan is ____ the southeast of China .(in)

2.on表明A,B地接壤.(外切联系)

Hubei is ____ the north of Hunan .(on)

3.to表明A,B两地有必定的距离.(外离联系)

Japan is _____ the east of China .(to)

四. between 与among 的差异

1.between :指两者之间. 在…….之间.

2.among :用于三者或三者以上人或物之间. 在……之中.

You sit _____ him and me .(between)

The song is popular ______ the students.(among)

五.after与in 的差异

1)after + 时刻段. 表明以曩昔某一时刻为起点的一段时刻之后, 用于曩昔时.

2)after 作介词. after doing sth

3).in +一段时刻. 表明说话时或以现在为起点的将来一段时刻之后.用于将来时.

He came back ______ two days .(after)

He will go home___finishing his homework .(after)

He will come back _____ two days .(in)

六.with 、 in 与 by 的差异

1.with 表明 “用…” 一般指有形的东西 / 手法 / 人体器官.

He cut the apple into halves ____ a knife .(with)

He came in _____ a big smile on his face .(with)

2.in表明用某种言语,办法,途径. 或书写/绘画所用的资料. 也可表交通办法.

Can you say it _____English ?(in)

He wrote a letter ____ blue ink .(in)

3.by表明乘坐交通东西, 表明办法,办法

I study for a test _____ working with a group .(by)

He makes a living ____ selling newspapers .(by)

七.across 、through 、 over 、by 的差异

1.across 指横穿,穿过. 表明动作从某一物体外表上通过.

2.through 指穿过,透过,表明从某一物体空间内通过.

3.over 表明从或人或某物的上空通过或跳过,不与外表触摸.

4.by 表明从或人/某物的周围通过.

Can you swim ______ the river ?(across)

The elephant is so big that it can’t go _____ the gate .(through)

I don’t think anyone can jump ___ the fence.(over)

I walked _____ the bank of China yesterday .(by)

八.in front of / in the front of 的差异

1.in the front of 表明在…….内部的前面

2.in front of 表明在……外面的前面

There is a desk in the front of our classroom .

There is a big tree in front of our classroom.

九.其它介词的用法:

1.at的其它用法.

1).表明 “从事或正在做某事”,这以后加的名词往往不加冠词.

She is at work now = She is working now .

2)at表明 “价格或速度”

The train ran at 120 kilometres an hour .

2.in的其他用法:

1)in表明 “在……方面” , 词组:do well in = be good at , be weak in

2)in 表明 “穿戴”后接表色彩的词或衣服.

词组: be in +衣服 = be wearing +衣服

3)in作副词, “在家” = at home

3.like 的用法:

1).像/和……一样. 常与系动词连用. 词组: look like sound like

2).与what 连用, “是什么姿态, 怎样”.

What is he like ? He is kind .

4.off的用法:

1).从……下来, 脱离某物体.词组: fall off

2). “度假”通常放在时刻名词之后. 词组: have +时刻+ off

He hasn’t had a night off for two hours .

5.except / besides

1).except 除了…….之外, 都……. . 不包含在规模之内. 注: nothing but … 除了……之外,什么也没有.

2).besides除了……之外,还有…… . 包含在规模之内.

We all went swimming ______ Lucy .(except)

There is _______ a letter in the box .(nothing but )

We study Japanese and French____ English .(besides)

6.with / without

1).with具有,含有 -----反义词: without 没有; 词组: with the help of = with one’s help =because of = thanks to ,

without one’s help

2).without 的用法:

A).without + sb./ sth. 没有或人或某物

B).without + doing sth .

He left here without____(say ) “Goodbye “to us(saying)

C). without sth 常与if 引导的否定的条件句.

If there is no water , we can’t live .= We can’t live without water .

7.on the tree /in the tree

on the tree 表明 “树上本身长的东西” 在树上. 而in the tree 表明 “外界的物体进入树中” 人或物在树上.

There are some apples _____ the tree .(on)

There is a boy ____ the tree.(in)

8.since / for

注: since / for 用于现在完成时.

1).since :a).since +时刻点 b). 现在完成时+ since +一般曩昔时c).since +一段时刻+ ago.

2)for: for +一段时刻= since +一段时刻+ ago

9.be made +介词的差异:

be made of 由…制成 (看得见原资料)

be made from由…制成 (看不见原资料)

be made in +地址 由哪儿出产

be made by sb. 由或人制作

10.表明 “数量的介词”

about , round around over

1). about , round around表明 “大约……”

2).over 表明 “超越”= more than.

11.inside / outside

Inside 在……里面 ------反义词:outside在….外面

12.in the wall /on the wall

in the wall 表明“门窗在墙上” on the wall 表明“某东西粘贴或挂在墙上”

十、.不必介词的状况:

1).其时刻状为: tonight, today, yesterday, tomorrow 等时,不必介词.

What are you going to do tonight ?

2).含有this, that, these, those, last, next, every, each等时刻状语.

He went to Wuhan last week .

3).以all 开头的时刻状语前面不必介词.

He has worked all day .

4).以some ,any, one 等构成的时刻状语前不必介词.

He met a bad man one cold morning .= He met a bad man on a cold morning .

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